AIDE | QUITTER
   

Année académique 2016-2017
23/10/2017
Image transparente
Dernière modification : le 14/11/2016 par ROISIN, Yves

Langue/Language


Tropical parasitology and entomology
BIOL - F5001

I. Informations générales
Intitulé de l'unité d'enseignement * Tropical parasitology and entomology
Langue d'enseignement * Enseigné en anglais
Niveau du cadre de certification * Niveau 7 (2e cycle-MA/MC/MA60)
Discipline * Biologie
Titulaire(s) * [y inclus le coordonnateur] Yves ROISIN (coordonnateur), Carine TRUYENS
II. Place de l'enseignement
Unité(s) d'enseignement co-requise(s) *
Unité(s) d'enseignement pré-requise(s) *
Connaissances et compétences pré-requises * General knowledge in biology. Basic notions of entomology.
Programme(s) d'études comprenant l'unité d'enseignement - M-BIORA - Master en biologie des organismes et écologie, à finalité approfondie (5 crédits, optionnel)
- M-BIORM - Master en Biologie des Organismes et Ecologie, à finalité Erasmus Mundus Masters Course in Tropical Biodiversity and Ecosystems (Tropimundo) (5 crédits, obligatoire)
- M-IRBAS - Master en bioingénieur : sciences agronomiques, à finalité spécialisée (5 crédits, optionnel)
III. Objectifs et méthodologies
Contribution de l'unité d'enseignement au profil d'enseignement *

At the end of the course, the student should be able to:

Identify major groups of insects of economical, ecological or public health importance in the tropics, and recognize consequences of their actions; seek and understand information on the biology (life history, behaviour, ecology, reproduction) of tropical insects and their importance to mankind; consider with a critical viewpoint possible ways of human action to control pests or favour beneficial organisms; process information related to tropical parasitic diseases and take appropriate steps to avoid contracting them.

Objectifs de l'unité d'enseignement (et/ou acquis d'apprentissages spécifiques) *

This unit is composed of 2 parts, tropical entomology (Prof. Yves Roisin) and tropical parasitology (Prof. Carine Truyens).

The main objective of the tropical entomology part is to pinpoint and illustrate, through case studies, the diversity of insect pest problems and control methods in tropical regions. Integrated pest management (IPM) and other control methods allowing a reduction in the use of environmentally harmful insecticides will be emphasized. Beneficial actions of insects (e.g., as pollinators, ecosystem engineers, or agents of biological control) will also be outlined.

As for tropical Parasitology, the objective is to acquire knowledge about the main parasite infections encoutered in tropical countries (amongst which malaria, amoebiasis, schistosomiasis, taeniasis, infection with geohelminths, Chagas disease, sleeping sickness). For each one, description is given of the parasite, its life cycle, transmission modes, main symptoms, epidemiological data and prophylaxis, in order for the student to “recognize” such diseases and know which factors they have to pay attention to to avoid contracting them.

Contenu de l'unité d'enseignement *

Tropical entomology

  • General introduction. Tropical climates. Overview of insects and other arthropods, with emphasis on groups important for agriculture or health.
  • Overview of chemical and alternative control methods.
  • Generalist pests (or auxiliaries): mites, sap-sucking insects, generalist moths, migratory locusts, social insects. Biology, action on crops, economic importance, control methods.
  • Case studies of management of insects of agricultural importance: pests of major cereals, of grain and stored products, of tropical fruit orchards, of palms, of tropical forestry.
  • Agents and vectors of tropical diseases (myases, malaria, arboviruses, filariae,...). Biology, public health problems, control.

Tropical parasitology

Main parasite infections encoutered in tropical countries (e.g., malaria, amoebiasis, schistosomiasis, taeniasis, geohelminth infections, trypanosomiases): description of the parasite, its life cycle, transmission modes, main symptom of illness, epidemiological data and prophylaxis.

 

Méthodes d'enseignement et activités d'apprentissages *

Magistral courses (18 h entomology, 12 h parasitology).

Personal essay: Students will be asked to collect relevant information about a current or recent situation involving insects as crop or forest pests, disease agents or vectors, or biological control agents, and present a written and oral synthesis of the case.

Support(s) de cours indispensable(s) * Non
Autres supports de cours

Slides shown during magistral courses available on "Université Virtuelle".

Références, bibliographie et lectures recommandées *

Crop Protection Compendium (CD-set). CABI, Wallingford, UK.
Handbook of Pest Management in Agriculture (3 volume-set). D. Pimentel (editor). CRC Press, 1981.
Pests of Crops in Warmer Climates and Their Control. D.S. Hill. Springer Verlag, 2008.
Web:              
FAO: http://www.fao.org/index_fr.htm

IV. Evaluation
Méthode(s) d'évaluation *

Entomology: written personal essay on topic of current or recent relevance in applied tropical entomology. Oral exam including presentation of personal essay by the students and questions on the magistral course.

Parasitology: oral exam.

 
Construction de la note (en ce compris, la pondération des notes partielles) *

Entomology: 50% oral evaluation of general knowledge of entomology chapters of the magistral course- 50% evaluation of personal essay: written report and oral presentation.

Langue d'évaluation *

English or French

V. Organisation pratique
Institution organisatrice * ULB
Faculté gestionnaire * Sciences
Quadrimestre * Premier quadrimestre (NRE : 39225)
Horaire * Premier quadrimestre
Volume horaire

Tropical Entomology : lectures 6 x 3h, and personal work

Tropical Parasitology : lectures 4 x 3h, and personal work

VI. Coordination pédagogique
Contact *

Yves Roisin (coordinator) Yves.Roisin@ulb.ac.be

Carine Truyens ctruyens@ulb.ac.be

Lieu d’enseignement *

Entomology : Campus Plaine

Tropical Parasitology : Campus Plaine (maybe Campus Erasme)

VII. Autres informations relatives à l’unité d’enseignement
Remarques

L'évalutation est officiellement prévue en anglais, mais le français pourra également être utilisé.


Retour aux détails du cursus
Image transparente
Passer directement au début de la page