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Année académique 2016-2017
24/11/2017
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Dernière modification : le 28/09/2016 par CASABELLA, Nadia

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URBA1 - Urbanisme (module 1)
ARCH - P7129

I. Informations générales
Intitulé de l'unité d'enseignement * URBA1 - Urbanisme (module 1)
Langue d'enseignement * Enseigné en anglais/français
Niveau du cadre de certification * Niveau 7 (2e cycle-MA/MC/MA60)
Discipline *
Titulaire(s) * [y inclus le coordonnateur] Nadia CASABELLA (coordonnateur), Victor BRUNFAUT, Axel FISHER, Géry Leloutre, Julie MARTINEAU, Bertrand TERLINDEN, Didier VANCUTSEM
II. Place de l'enseignement
Unité(s) d'enseignement co-requise(s) *
Unité(s) d'enseignement pré-requise(s) *
Connaissances et compétences pré-requises *
Programme(s) d'études comprenant l'unité d'enseignement
III. Objectifs et méthodologies
Contribution de l'unité d'enseignement au profil d'enseignement *

To develop an informed and eager gaze towards cities as cultural artefacts as well as to gain understanding about their spatial transformation over time.

Objectifs de l'unité d'enseignement (et/ou acquis d'apprentissages spécifiques) *

To give master level students a good introduction to urban morphology, taken as the science occupied with understanding the processes of creation and subsequent transformation of cities' shape, i.e. their physical form. The geographic focus will be placed on Europe, and on Brussels more particularly.

Contenu de l'unité d'enseignement *

The course is organized in four modules, alternating a more historical and theoretical views upon urban morphology, consisting of lectures, with a more practical, hands-on one, consisting of seminars.

As for the lectures, they will be dedicated in the first part of the semester to urban morphology in the western world, with a particular emphasis on Brussels. Later in the semester, we will dive into the disciplinary debates that took place from the 70s on and that are still determining the practice of urban design and planning. Regarding the seminars, one will focus on the spatial analysis of selected urban structures located in Brussels region, while the other will adopt the form of an infoemed discussion with an invited expert.

After taking the course, the students should be able to:

- have a good understanding of urban morphology as a design-oriented research methodology;

- gain a certain familiarity with Brussels' morphogenesis by actively mapping it;

- recognize the extreme complexity of urban form as the result of the interaction of many factors that are diffuclt to foresee let alone to control over time;

- critically reflect on the diverse traditions that have contributed to the study of urban morphology.

Méthodes d'enseignement et activités d'apprentissages *

The morning lectures will be generally dedicated to URBAN MORPHOLOGY. First we will introduce the diverse traditions and authors, then we will get an overview of the morphological history of the western city (first cities, Renaissance, Modern times, Utopias, and contemporary outlook). Subsequently, we will move into the analysis of opposite urban theories that have characterized the disciplinary debates from the late 70s on, starting with the opposition between the lived/inhabited city (Lefebvre) and the city as cultural artefact (Rossi).

As for the afternoon ones, in the first part of the semester Bertrand Terlinden and Gery Leloutre will address the morphogenesis of the three Brussels' structures to be analysed in the mapping seminar. In the second half of the semester, Gery Leloutre and Victor Brunfaut will explore together the question of “Description as Project”, or how the urban morphology analysis tools can simultaneously become design-oriented, prospective tools: from the gaze as interpretation to the project as idea.

The morning seminar of spatial analysis will study three urban structures located in Brussels: the Chaussee of Louvain, the La Cambre forest and the railway line L28, running between South station and Bockstael on the western side of the city. This analysis will happen through designs, models, (still or animated) pictures, sound recordings… and the aim will be to understand the evolution of these structures over time as well as the reasons for it  – viewing the kilometre and the centimetre at the same time.

As for the afternoon seminar, it will be articulated around papers by experts on topics that risk being superficially addressed during the lectures but that are nevertheless key to a proper understanding of urban morphology, and of the reasons underlying certain forms, like those of urban rent, regulation or the role of actors. Next to active participation during the seminars, students are asked to write a short paper (3,500-5,000 words) reflecting upon the specific contribution of one of the invited experts.

Support(s) de cours indispensable(s) * Non
Autres supports de cours
Références, bibliographie et lectures recommandées *

Leonardo BENEVOLO (1980) The History of the City; MIT Press

Claire BILLEN, Jean-Marie DUVOSQUEL (2000) Bruxelles; Fonds Mercator

Annick BRAUMAN et al. (1982) L'immeuble et la parcelle. Les immeubles a appartements comme elements constitutifs du tissu urbain: La cas de Bruxelles 1870-1980; Edicions des Archives d'Architecture Moderne

Bernard DECLEVE et al. (2009) Densites Bruxelloises et formes d'habiter; Ministere de la Region de Bruxelles-Capitale

Christian DESSOUROUX (2008) Espaces partages, espaces disputes: Bruxelles, une capitale et ses habitants; Ministere de la Region de Bruxelles-Capitale

Peter HALL (2002) Cities of Tomorrow: an Intellectual History of Urban Planning and Design in the 20th Century; Blackwell-Wiley

Jane JACOBS (1992) The Death and Life of Great American Cities; Vintage

Spiro KOSTOF (1993) The City Shaped: Urban Patterns and Meanings Through History; Mulfinch

A.E.J. MORRIS (1979) History of Urban Form; George Godwin Ltd.

Lewis MUMFORD (1968) The City in History: its Origins, its Transformations and its Prospects; Mariner Books

Manuel de SOLA-MORALES (2008) Ten Lessons on Barcelona; ACTAR + Col-Legi D'Arquitectes de Catalunya

James E. VANCE jr. (1990) The Continuing City. Urban Morphology in Western Civilization; The John Hopkins University Press

IV. Evaluation
Méthode(s) d'évaluation *

Assessment of the course will happen on the basis of students' active participation in seminars, an oral exam and two submissions: a spatial analysis (whose format will defined at the outset of the course) and the writing of a short paper (3,500-5,000 words).

Construction de la note (en ce compris, la pondération des notes partielles) *

The final mark will be composed of four partial marks, whose weight in the final mark is defined between brackets: spatial analysis (40%), short paper (40%), oral exam (10%), attendance and active class participation (10%).

Langue d'évaluation *

English / French

V. Organisation pratique
Institution organisatrice * ULB
Faculté gestionnaire * Architecture
Quadrimestre * Année académique (NRE : 44837)
Horaire * Premier quadrimestre - Deuxième quadrimestre
Volume horaire

9:30 AM - 18:00 PM

VI. Coordination pédagogique
Contact *

Nadia Casabella, ncasabel@ulb.ac.be

Pauline Varloteaux, Pauline.Varloteaux@ulb.ac.be 

Lieu d’enseignement *

To be defined

VII. Autres informations relatives à l’unité d’enseignement
Remarques

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